Bộ đề thi học sinh giỏi Anh 12

Within 15 years (from 1990 to 2005), the overall figures showed that Indonesia had the highest percentage of total change or forest loss while Laos had the lowest - 24% in Indonesia and only 6.7% in Laos. The date may help the governments of the three countries make suitable plans in order to save their forests.

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sen. III. Essay: How to prepare for Toefl-page 173-Test 15 I. Use the suggestions to write a compete letter. Dear Sir, ( page 60- LV) 1. I / be / present/ student/ final year/ City High School/ Harare/ Zimbabwe. 2. I / study/ English/ five years/ now. 3. June / this year/ First Certificate examination/ University of Cambridge/ hope / pass/ good grade. 4. Also/ expect/ obtain/ High School Certificate/ about /same time/ high marks/ particularly/ biology. 5. Ambition/ enter/ London University due course/ read for/ degree/ genetics. 6. Realize/ necessary / G.C.S/ qualify/ entrance / university. 7. Very much/ hope/ accepted/ your College/ prepare/ G.C.E/ Chemistry/ Biology/ English too. 8. Would like/ start/ early autumn/ not/ waste/ time. 9. Perhaps/ add father and mother/ both/ doctors/ so/ brought up/ scientific environment. 10. Grateful/ you send/ official application form/ and inform/ other information /required. Yours faithfully, II. Reading give food necessary structures living store shape addition controls carry surrounds center CELLS Cells are the smallest part (or unit) of life. All (1 ) ____ things are made of cells, and all cells have the same parts: nucleus, cytoplasm, and membrane. The nucleus is the (2)_____ of the cell. It contains the chromosomes and the genes. The genes (3 )____ the information that tells the cell what to do. Chromosomes and genes help to make the cells. The cytoplasm (4) _____ the nucleus in the cell. It contains several different things. Different kinds of cells have different things in their cytoplasm. The cell membrane is around the cell. The membrane (5) ____-the flow of liquids in and out of the cell. Plant cells are different from animal cells. In (6)_____ to the nucleus, cytoplasm, and membrane, they contain a cell wall, vacuoles, and chloroplasts. The cell wall is around the membrane. It is made of cellulose, and it is not living. It gives plant cells a (7) ___like a box. Vacuoles are round (8) ____in the cytoplasm. A membrane surrounds them, and they contain water and other things. The cell uses the vacuoles to (9) ____ things. They sometimes contain pigments. These pigments (10)_____ flower cells their colors. Chloroplasts are also in the cytoplasm. They contain a green pigment, chlorophyll, and they make (11)____ for the plant. Chloroplasts are (12) _____ for photosynthesis. colony mine practice leader respects organize returned ended freedom fought means racism MAHATMA GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great leaders of the world. He wanted (1)____ and peace for all people. He helped to free India from British control. His name was Mohandas Karacham, but people called him Mahatma. This name ( 2) _____ “ great soul”. Mohandas Karacham was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. He studied law in London, and in 1893 he began to (3) __ law in South Africa. In South Africa, Indians did not have the same rights as others. Gandhi did not like this (4) ___. He believedthat everyone should have the same rights. He worked for the Indian people in South Africa for twenty-one years. At one time, he (5) ____a strike of Indian miners. The Indian (6) ___workers did not go to work. Gandhi did not use violence. He fought with nonviolence, resistance, and strikes. The Indian word for nonviolent resistance is "satyagraha." In 1915 Gandhi (7) ____to India. He became the (8) ______ of the Indian Nationalist Movement, and he worked for the independence of India. He wanted India to be free from Great Britain. Gandhi (9) for freedom. He did not want India to be a British (10)____ .He continued to use satyagraha, nonviolent means such as strikes and fasting. Gandhi's nonviolent fight for independence (11 )_____ when Britain gave India her independence in 1947. On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated in New Dehli- he was shot when he was on the way to a prayer meeting. Gandhi died for peace, and the whole world (12) ____ him for his peaceful way of getting independence for his country. Olympic -258 Artists use caricature to distort the human face or figure for comic effect, while at the same time capturing an identifiable likeness and suggesting the essence of personality or character beneath the surface. The humor lies in the fact that the caricature is recognizable, and yet exaggerated. From its origins in Europe as witty sketches, caricature grew through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, becoming enormously popular in the United States early in this century. In the 1920s and 1930s especially, this lively form of illustration appeared in newspapers and magazines throughout the country. The caricaturists in this era drew their portraits of important figures primarily to entertain. In spirit their work was closer to the humor of the fast- developing comic strip and gag cartoon than to the sting of political satire. Their subjects were more often amused than offended by their amiable attacks. Which of the following words does NOT describe a typical caricature? A. humorous B. distorted C. topical D. solemn 2. Producing a caricature is most like . A. singing a song B. making a speech C. reciting a poem D. telling a joke 3. According to the passage, the people who were caricatured were often . A. angered B. puzzled C. entertained D. shocked 4. Which of the following does the passage tell us? A. Caricature was popular in early twentieth century America. B. Caricature is common in times of stress. C. Caricature evolved into a serious mode of self expression. D. Caricature is one of the few art forms that originated in America. 5. The paragraph immediately following the passage probably discusses".- A. the early history of American comedy films B. popular jokes of the twentieth century C. the change in America caricature in the 1940s D. how to develop skills as a caricature I. Use the suggestions to write a compete letter. Dear Sir, ( page 60- LV) 1. I / be / present/ student/ final year/ City High School/ Harare/ Zimbabwe. 2. I / study/ English/ five years/ now. 3. June / this year/ First Certificate examination/ University of Cambridge/ hope / pass/ good grade. 4. Also/ expect/ obtain/ High School Certificate/ about /same time/ high marks/ particularly/ biology. 5. Ambition/ enter/ London University due course/ read for/ degree/ genetics. 6. Realize/ necessary / G.C.S/ qualify/ entrance / university. 7. Very much/ hope/ accepted/ your College/ prepare/ G.C.E/ Chemistry/ Biology/ English too. 8. Would like/ start/ early autumn/ not/ waste/ time. 9. Perhaps/ add father and mother/ both/ doctors/ so/ brought up/ scientific environment. 10. Grateful/ you send/ official application form/ and inform/ other information /required. Yours faithfully, II. Reading 1. give food necessary structures living store shape addition controls carry surrounds center CELLS Cells are the smallest part (or unit) of life. All (1 ) ____ things are made of cells, and all cells have the same parts: nucleus, cytoplasm, and membrane. The nucleus is the (2)_____ of the cell. It contains the chromosomes and the genes. The genes (3 )____ the information that tells the cell what to do. Chromosomes and genes help to make the cells. The cytoplasm (4) _____ the nucleus in the cell. It contains several different things. Different kinds of cells have different things in their cytoplasm. The cell membrane is around the cell. The membrane (5) ____-the flow of liquids in and out of the cell. Plant cells are different from animal cells. In (6)_____ to the nucleus, cytoplasm, and membrane, they contain a cell wall, vacuoles, and chloroplasts. The cell wall is around the membrane. It is made of cellulose, and it is not living. It gives plant cells a (7) ___like a box. Vacuoles are round (8) ____in the cytoplasm. A membrane surrounds them, and they contain water and other things. The cell uses the vacuoles to (9) ____ things. They sometimes contain pigments. These pigments (10)_____ flower cells their colors. Chloroplasts are also in the cytoplasm. They contain a green pigment, chlorophyll, and they make (11)____ for the plant. Chloroplasts are (12) _____ for photosynthesis. 2. colony mine practice leader respects organize returned ended freedom fought means racism MAHATMA GANDHI Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great leaders of the world. He wanted (1)____ and peace for all people. He helped to free India from British control. His name was Mohandas Karacham, but people called him Mahatma. This name ( 2) _____ “ great soul”. Mohandas Karacham was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. He studied law in London, and in 1893 he began to (3) __ law in South Africa. In South Africa, Indians did not have the same rights as others. Gandhi did not like this (4) ___. He believedthat everyone should have the same rights. He worked for the Indian people in South Africa for twenty-one years. At one time, he (5) ____a strike of Indian miners. The Indian (6) ___workers did not go to work. Gandhi did not use violence. He fought with nonviolence, resistance, and strikes. The Indian word for nonviolent resistance is "satyagraha." In 1915 Gandhi (7) ____to India. He became the (8) ______ of the Indian Nationalist Movement, and he worked for the independence of India. He wanted India to be free from Great Britain. Gandhi (9) for freedom. He did not want India to be a British (10)____ .He continued to use satyagraha, nonviolent means such as strikes and fasting. Gandhi's nonviolent fight for independence (11 )_____ when Britain gave India her independence in 1947. On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated in New Dehli- he was shot when he was on the way to a prayer meeting. Gandhi died for peace, and the whole world (12) ____ him for his peaceful way of getting independence for his country. III. Reading Comprehension Artists use caricature to distort the human face or figure for comic effect, while at the same time capturing an identifiable likeness and suggesting the essence of personality or character beneath the surface. The humor lies in the fact that the caricature is recognizable, and yet exaggerated. From its origins in Europe as witty sketches, caricature grew through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, becoming enormously popular in the United States early in this century. In the 1920s and 1930s especially, this lively form of illustration appeared in newspapers and magazines throughout the country. The caricaturists in this era drew their portraits of important figures primarily to entertain. In spirit their work was closer to the humor of the fast- developing comic strip and gag cartoon than to the sting of political satire. Their subjects were more often amused than offended by their amiable attacks. Which of the following words does NOT describe a typical caricature? A. humorous B. distorted C. topical D. solemn 2. Producing a caricature is most like . A. singing a song B. making a speech C. reciting a poem D. telling a joke 3. According to the passage, the people who were caricatured were often . A. angered B. puzzled C. entertained D. shocked 4. Which of the following does the passage tell us? A. Caricature was popular in early twentieth century America. B. Caricature is common in times of stress. C. Caricature evolved into a serious mode of self expression. D. Caricature is one of the few art forms that originated in America. 5. The paragraph immediately following the passage probably discusses".- A. the early history of American comedy films B. popular jokes of the twentieth century C. the change in America caricature in the 1940s D. how to develop skills as a caricature ĐỀ KHẢO SÁT HSG THPT KIM THÀNH LẦN 10 NĂM HỌC : 2008-2009 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH THỜI GIAN : 150 phút A. LISTENING 1. What does the man plan to wear during the summer months? A. a cool hat B. casual shoes C. pans 2. What is one thing the man is NOT going to pack for the winter season? A. a coat B. some sweaters C. a jacket 3. What is the weather like in the spring? A. It’s windy B. It’s rainy C. It’s cool 4. What is an example of an occasion where the man might need formal clothes? A. A party B. A business meeting C. A wedding 5. What did the man wear to his high school graduation? A. Jeans and tennis shoes B. A casual shirt and tie C. a suit and dress shoes. B. PHONETICS I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from those of the others. 6 A. stopped B. landed C. suited D. wicked 7. A. gypsy B. huge C. strange D. piggy II. Choose the word that has a different stress pattern from the others . 8 A. involve B. guidance C. enhance D. society 9. A. arrange B. nature C. inherit D. creation 10. A. envelope B. amazing C. passenger D. reference C. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY Olympic page 334 I. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. 11. I don't want lots of excuses, I just want to hear the_____truth. A clear B. plain C. pure D. right 12. I didn't want to discuss the matter but he insisted on bring it _____. A. up B. out C. about D. over 13. I don’t understand why you have to make such a ____ about something so unimportant. A. mess B. stir C. fuss D. bother 14. Not until about a century after Julius Caesar landed in Britain ____ actually conquer the island. A. the Romans did B. did the Romans C. the Romans D. Romans that 15. Mary is _____ her sister. A. as pretty but more intelligent as B. as pretty but more intelligent than C. more intelligent and prettier than D. prettier and more intelligent than 16. Since the ditch is full of water, ______ last night. A. it must be raining B. there might have rain C. it must have rained D. there might have been rain 17. _____ our project was unnecessary, we would not have invested in it. A. Had we thought B. Unless has we thought C. If had we thought D. As we had ever thought 18. They stopped working on the project , ____ they could not afford enough money. A. therefore B. as C. because D. for (“,” before) 19. Only after the atomic bomb ____ and development in air travel _____ _____science fiction really become popular. A. had created / had taken off/ was B. had been created/ had been taken off/ has C. had been created/ had taken off/ did D. had been created/ had taken off / had 20. Primitive men had to suffer from scurvy, ____ is caused by a lack of dietary Vitamin C. A. that B. which C. from that D. for which II. Give the correct form of the words in brackets. Olympic page 272 21. The problem today is the ______ (responsible) which the scientist has towards society. Responsibility 22. The development of science has made many new and _____ (fright) things possible. frightening 23. Thousands of people could be destroyed by using only a few _____ (fate) germs. fatal 24. This leads to questioning the values of our present ____(moral). morality 25. Perhaps, we should now consider carefully the effects of present research on future____ (civil). cilvilization 26. The scientist is in a difficult position as his personal______ (repute) often results from successful experiments. reputation 27. He is not responsible for himself only, but for the rest of________ (man) also. mankind 28. My brother is working for a shampoo ______( advertise) company in Hanoi. advertising 29. The manager is seeking for ____( depend) employees. dependable 30. Only a/an ______ (educate) person could behave like that. It’s awful! uneducated III. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting –Olympic page 290 31. When I (A) arrived at her house. I found she (B) has been out with her (C) new fiend without (D) leaving me a note. 32. (A)The new bridge (B) make possible to (C) cross the river (D) easily and quickly. - 33. (A) I'm writing (B) in pencil so I can (C) rub out my mistakes (D) easy. 34. (A) According to (B) a team of scientists, (C) there are evidence that Mount Everest is still (D) rising. 35. (A) The passengers blamed the (B) airline (C) of the (D) delay. 36. Insurance rates are not (A) the same for different people (B)because they are not likely (C) have the (D) same risk. 37. The men (A) stole the (B) old woman(C) of her savings, and (D) stole $2,000 from her. 38. (A) Can't you think (B) of (C) anything more intelligent (D) to tell? 39. In (A) today's competitive markets, even small businesses (B) had better to advertise on TV and radio in order (C) to gain (D) a share of the market. 40. He saw (A) an empty shop (B) while (C) walks around (D) the town one day. D. READING I. Read the following passage and decide which option A, B, C or D best fits each sentence. BDHSG12-137 Stressful atmospheres, (41)______ of deadlines and long hours dominate office life, according to a survey (42)____ recently. The majority of those questioned said a good salary and career (43)____ were their main reason for working. But (44) ____numbers did not believe their employers offered either. In general, the survey found that most felt that (45) _____ of life was more important than (46)_____ and company perks. Most would prefer employers to offer (47) ___ hours, challenging tasks and job (48)____ rather than perks such as company cars and private health care. Many employers’ (49)____ to understand this meant more than a third worried about their work on holiday, and 40 per cent took days off (50)_____ when not ill. Workers were also (51) ____ by the conditions they had to work in. A fifth struggled with (12) ____ technology, badly lit offices and chairs which caused backache. Half said their (53)____ would increase if their environment improved. On the plus side, the biggest (54) ______ was the friendship offered by colleagues, and it appears that the office also affords the chance to flirt with colleagues, make (55)____ calls to friends abroad, steal stationery and play computer games. 41. A. weight B. force C. heaviness D. pressure 42.A. published B. printed C. publicized D. proclaimed 43. A. outlooks B. odds C. prospects D. views 44. A. important B. impressive C. heavy D. significant 45. A. quality B. calibre C. excellence D. worth 46. A. rank B. status C. degree D. grade 47. A. pliable B. elastic C. amenable D. flexible 48. A. safety B. security C. sanctuary D. protection 49. A. failure B. defeat C. deficiency D. lack 50. A. indisposed B. unwell C. injured D. sick 51. A. pestered B. inflamed C. irritated D. ruffled 52. A. behind the times B. expired C. out-of-date D. invalid 53. A. fertility B. capacity C. value D. productivity 54. A. compensation B. damages C. reimbursement D. atonement 55. A. idiosyncratic B. unique C. personal D. individual II. From the words given in the box, choose the most suitable word for each blank. There are more words than blanks, so you don’t need all of them. LD-Test 2 decay known found number discover ancient necessary important use means lived called CARBON-14 DATING There are many uses for radioactive carbon (C-14). One important (56 )_____ is in archaeology Archaeologists use radioactive carbon to (57)______ the age of ancient plants. C-14 comes from the sun and is (58) ____ in all living things. Archaeologists can calculate the age of plants that (59) ____ in the past because radioisotopes (60) _____ at the same rate. The rate of decay is (61) ____ the half-life. The half-life is the time (62) ___ for half of the atoms to decay. Radioactive carbon (C-14) has a half-life of 5,730 years. That (63) ___ that after 5,730 years, half of the radiocarbon atoms remain; one half of the radioactive atoms are still in the sample. After 11,460 years, one-fourth of the atoms are still in the sample, and after 17,220 years one-eighth of the atoms remain. Archaeologists can measure the (64) _____ of radioactive atoms and discover the age of (65) ______ plant material. III. Read the passage and choose the correct answer. Olympic –page 259 In its short history, the art of motion pictures has frequently undergone changes that seemed fundamental, such as that resulting from the introduction of sound. It exists today in styles that differ significantly from country to country and in forms as diverse as the documentary created by one man with a hand- held camera and the multimillion- dollar "epic", involving hundreds of performers and technicians. Despite its diversity, however, an essential unchanging nature can be discerned in most of its manifestation. A number of factors immediately come to mind in connection with the motion picture experience. For one thing, there is something mildly hypnotic about the illusion of movement that holds the attention and may even lower critical. resistance. Also, the accuracy of the motion picture image is compelling because it is made by a nonhuman, scientific process. And, the motion picture gives what has been called a strong sense of being present: the film image always appears to be in the present tense. There is also the concrete nature of film it appears to show the actual people and things. No less important than any of the above are the conditions under which the motion picture ideally is seen, where everything helps to dominate the spectator. He or she is taken from the everyday environment, partially isolated from others, and comfortably seated in an air- conditioned auditorium. There, the darkness concentrates attention and prevents comparison of the image on the screen with the objects or people around the viewer. For a while, the motion picture unfolds the world in which the spectator lives. 66. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage? A. Motion pictures vary greatly from country to country B. The fundamental characteristics of motion pictures remain unchanged C. Motion pictures have been modified over the years D. The styles of motion pictures have become significantly different 67. Which of the following statements does the author NOT include as part of the motion picture experience? A. The viewing environment controls the spectator B. The spectator is somewhat apart from other viewers C. The viewer becomes fascinated by the action on the screen D. The spectator realizes that events on the screen are false 68. Which one of the following activities is the nature of movies most comparable to? A. dancing at a party B. drawing a picture C. describing a painting D. reading a book 69. The author probably believes that the main purpose of movies is to allow the audience to ___. A. see actual places, people or things B. be entertained in a comfortable setting C. escape from the real world D. enjoy the results of a scientific process 70. Which of the following conclusion does the passage support? A. Motion projected on the screen captivates viewers B. Viewers feel detached from the action on the screen C. The viewing environment is of minor importance D. Documentaries and epics have universal appeal E. WRITING I. Choose the sentence among A, B, C and D which has the nearest meaning to the one given. Olympic page 291+ TNTANC page 245 71. When I was younger I used to go climbing more than I do now. A. Now I don't go climbing anymore. B. I used to going climbing when I younger. C. Now I don't go climbing as much as I did. D. I don't like going climbing anymore. 72. I regret going to bed so late last night. A. I wish I didn't go to bed so late last night. B. I wish I went to bed early last night. C. I wish I hadn't gone to bed so late last night. D. I wish I had gone to bed late last night. 73. He got over his illness in three months. A. It took to get over his illness in three months. B. It took three months to him to get over his illness. C. It took him three months to get over his illness. D. It took three months for his illness to get over. 74. She was so busy that she couldn't answer the phone. A. She was very busy that she couldn't answer the phone. B. She was too busy to answer the phone. C. She was too busy not To answer the phone. D. She was very busy so that she couldn't answer the phone. 75. I didn't listen to him, and I didn't succeed. A. If I listened to him, I would succeed. B. If I had listened to him, I would succeed. C. If I listened to him, I would have succeeded. D. If I had listened to him, I would have succeeded. 76. Although Christopher was the stronger of the two, his attacker soon overpowered him. A. Christopher's attacker was too weak to defeat him. B. Christopher was weaker, but he overpowered his attacker. C. Christopher lost because he had no power. D. Despite his superior strength, Christopher was soon overpowered by . is attacker. 77. You're under no obligation to accept their offer. A. You're obliged to accept their offer. B. You're not obliged to accept their offer at all. C. You can please yourself whether to accept their offer or not. D. B and C 78. My father finds maps hard to follow. A. My father always gets lost. B. My father can't read maps at all. C. My father has trouble following maps. D. Map-reading is not interesting to my father at all. 79. You need not do this job. A. You have to do this job. B. This needs to be done. C. This job needs not be done. D. You need this job. 80. She has lost her appetite recently. A. She hasn't had any food recently. B. Her appetite has been very good. C. She has gone off food recently. D. She has eaten a lot of food recently. II. Finish each of the following sentence in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. Olympic page 179+ 288 81. John was shocked when he heard his child swearing. It came as a shock to John when he heard …. 82. Attendance at the exhibition has been down this year.(attended) The exhibition has not been so well attended this year. 83. Because the chemicals were properly combined, the prescription has brought about the unexpected result. => Because of the proper combination of the chemicals, … 84. The man’s life was one of great poverty. Throughout his life, the man lived in / suffered from great poverty/ was very poor. 85. Her success went beyond her expectation. Never had she expected that she was so successful. 86. I would do anything to prevent him from going there. There’s nothing I wouldn’t do to prevent 87. Tony’s very charming, but I wouldn’t trust him. Charming as/though Tony is, I wouldn’t trust him. 88. It was easy for us to find the house. We had no difficulty(in) finding the house. 89. Your car might break down on the rough mountain road, so take some spare parts and a tool-kit. In case your car breaks … 90. The students’ rebellious behaviors should have been severely punished. The students deserved severe punishment for their III. Essay Olympic page 98 In about 200 words, write about the following topic: “Some possible solutions to environmental damage.” Ashley: Hey, Jake. Are you ready for your trip? Jake: Well, not really. I still have to buy some clothes. Ashley: Well, what's the weather like where you're going? Jake: Well, uh, it's really hot in the summer, so I'm going to buy some shorts, sandals, and a few T-shirts. Ashley: What about the rest of the year? Jake: People say that the fall can still be warm until November, so I'm going to buy some jeans and a few casual shirts. Ashley: Will you need any warm clothes for the winter? Jake: Well, the weather doesn't get too cold, but it often snows in the mountains, so I'm going to buy a couple of warm sweaters, a jacket, and a hat. I don't have room in my suitcase to pack a coat, so I'm going to wait until I get there and buy it when I really need it. Ashley: Are you going to take anything else? Jake: They say it rains cats and dogs in the spring, but again, I'll probably just wait and pick up a raincoat or an umbrella later on. But, I'm going to take a good pair of shoes because I plan on walking to and from school everyday. Ashley: Do you need any clothing for formal occasions? Jake: Well, you never know when you might needs something on the spur of the moment for a wedding or maybe someone's graduation, or a nice date, so I'll probably take some nice slacks, a dress shirt, and a couple (of) crazy ties or two. Ashley: Um, that makes sense. Jake: And I'll just rent a suit or tuxedo if I need anything more formal. Hey, maybe I'll get married. Ashley: You? Married? Hah! Jake: Wait. What are you trying to say? Ashley: I just can't imagine you decked out in a tuxedo for any formal occasion. [What?!] I mean, for high school graduation, you wore an old pair of jeans and tennis shoes. Jake: Hey, there was a reason for that, so let me explain. [Yeah, ha, ha.] No, really. You see, it goes like this . . . Olympic page 300 21. You shouldn't interrupt someone in _____. (sentence) 22. A____ friend is one who likes power (dominate) 23. It is forbidden to hunt for that kind of bird. It has been listed as one of the_____ species. (danger) 24. Mrs.Lan's shop is______ from the others in the street. It's hard to tell the difference (distinguish) 25. Thieves dressed as police ______ guards at a Boston museum. (power) 26. The pipes in the house started rusting,______ the water (color) 27. His family suffered from his_____ (expend) 28. You are entitled to receive a government allowance for each ............. who is living with you (depend) 29. The oil spill has caused______ damage to the environment (calculate) 30. Please ensure that your child's sports clothes are clearly marked in _____ ink (delete) ĐỀ KHẢO SÁT HSG THPT KIM THÀNH LẦN 11 NĂM HỌC : 2008-2009 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH THỜI GIAN : 150 phút A. LISTENING: Listen to the passage and give short answer to each question Listen to me –Unit 8-CD1 1. What is the weather like outside? 2. Is it snowing? 3.. How many people are sitting around the table? 4. The union has two demands: the first demand is asking for a 10% increase in pay. What is the second demand ? 5. How many days has the strike lasted? B. PHONETICS I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from those of the others. 6. A. exaggerate B. exist C. anxiety D. complexion 7. A. little B. whistle C. gentle D. battle II. Choose the word that has a different stress pattern from the others . 8. A. context B. conference C. confidence D. consolidate 9. A. product B. postpone C. purpose D. postcard 10. A. computer B. competent C. compatriot D. museum C. GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY I. Choose the word or phrase which best completes each sentence. Olympic page 352 11. He has traveled______inEurope. A. effectively B. exclusively C. extensively D. exhaustively 13. I like him very much. He is ____. A. so good a man B. quite a good man C. quite good man D. A or B 14. Hadn’t you watched that movie last night, you _____ sleepy now. A. wouldn’t have been B. might have not been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have being 15. The village had been flooded the year before so it ___ plenty of green pasturage then. A. contained B. contains C. has contained D. would have contained 16. When he returned home from work, he found the door ____. A. unlocking B. unlocked C. to be unlocked D. have unlocked 17. They go to the seaside ____they should be disturbed by the noise of the city. A. in order that B. so that C. for D. lest 18. ____ you discover his weakness, the easier the task should become. A. Quicker B. The more quickly C. The fastest D. The easiest 19.I wish I’d ____this calculator before I bought it. It doesn’t seem to be working. A. tried on B. tried out C. worked on D. worked out 20. He said he was ____ debt and asked me _____ a loan _____ $50. A. on/ for/ of B. in/ for/ with C. on/ by/ of D. in/ for/ of II. Give the correct form of the words in brackets. Test 28-page 50_LTV 21. Third time lucky! After two _____ attempts, Mark's finally passed his driving test. (SUCCESS) 22. A newcomer is____ with the area around him or her. (FAMI LIAR) 23. People usually have hobbies for____. (ENJOY) 24. They imagined that they made the rules, but in ____, they were mere puppets. (REAL) 25. Street noise is one of the____ of living in the city. (ADVANTAGE) 26. Studies show that smoking cigarettes is ____. (HEALTH) 27. Some universities in the United States have ____dormitories. (CO- EDUCATE) 28. A ____ person is one who is kind. (THINK) 29. There are various _____ for the party. (POSSIBLE) . 30. The author gives three examples of the ____culture shock.(ORIENT) III. Choose the underlined word or phrase in each sentence that needs correcting Olympic 213 31. In(A) warmer weather(B), a caterpillar will spend(C) fewer(D) time in the pupa stage. 32. Folding fans(A) arrived in Europe in the sixteenth century from China, where they had been(B) common(C) used for more than(D) 500 years. 33. Volcanologists make(A) the jot of(B) classifying(C) volcanoes as(D) extinct, dormant, or active. 34. People turn pale(A) when they are frightened(B)because the blood in our(C) cheeks is directed(D) to the heart. 35. Artificial(A) sweeteners known(B) as cyclamates banned(C) because of evidence that they caused cancer in laboratory(D) rats. 36. An energy(A) source, liquid water, and organic molecules(B) consider(C) the three ingredients essential for(D) life. 37. Every naturalized citizens(A) of the United States must be(B) at least(C) 18 years old(D) to vote. 38. The opossum plays(A) dead(B), when(C) it is, in fact, live(D). 39. Writer Mark Twain was born(A) in 1835, the year of(B) Halley's Comet, and his(C) died in 1910, the year that(D) Halley's comet returned. 40. Rubies and emeralds are like(A) because they both come from(B)the mineral corundum, which is also used to(C) make(D) sandpaper. D. READING I. Read the following passage and decide which option A, B, C or D best fits each sentence. TNTANC –page 201 (Ex 11) From the moment they leave the security of their accustomed environment, travelers are at risk. (41) ….. arise not just from strange diseases they meet on their travel~ but from other factors, too: seemingly uninspiring home (42) .... such as safe water (43) …… , sanitation and public hygiene controls, legal safety standards for motor vehicles and road (44) ….., are easily taken for granted, but simply do not exist in many countries. Environmental factors such as arduous conditions, (45) …. climate, and high altitude may constitute a danger; and so may travelers' own behavior, free from the (46)........... of the daily routine, and determined to have a good time with scant (47) ….. for the consequences. When illness or injury occur abroad, travelers are again at a disadvantage- from (48)…… to communicate with a doctor on account of language or cultural difficulties, or being unable to find a doctor owing to (49)….. of the (50) ……. medical system. There may be a complete (51) ….. of skilled medical care, or of medical facilities of a (52) ……. acceptable to travelers from technologically sophisticated countries. When symptoms of an illness (53) ….. abroad do not appear until after return home, a final hazard becomes apparent; the symptoms may be (54) ….., may pass (55)….. , and the correct diagnosis may not be considered until it is too late. 41. A. Complications B. Changes C. Hazards D. Questions 42. A. comforts B. helps C. cares D. aids 43. A. stores B. collection C. levels D. supplies 44. A. maintenance B. correction C. improvement D. quality 45. A. worsening B. unusual C. sudden D. adverse 46. A. restraints B. assurances C. certainties D. regulations 47. A. knowledge B. awareness C. regard D. need 48. A. inability B. difficulty C. inflexibility D. timidity 49. A. misuse B. doubt C. ignorance D. disbeliefs 50. A. local B. district C. neighborhood D. area 51. A. breakdown B. failure C. disruption D. absence 51.A. type B. design C. standard D. degree 53. A. received B. formed C. gained D. acquired 54. A. unfamiliar B. unlikely C. unpleasant D. uncovered 55. A. unrecognized B. unknown C. unforeseen D. unearthed II. From the words given in the box, choose the most suitable word for each blank. There are more words than blanks, so you don’t need all of them. LD Test 24-page 193 after at convinced despite difficulty distracted dozes during falls from lose nods of perform problem People who are deprived (56) …… sleep lose energy and becoming quick-tempered. (57)_____ two days without sleep, a person finds that lengthy concentration becomes difficult. He can force himself to (58) …… tasks well for short periods, but he is easily (59)…….... He makes many mistakes, especially at routine tasks, and his attention slips (60) …… times. Every 'sleepless' person experiences periods in which he (61) ……. off for a few seconds or more. He (62)…… completely asleep unless he is kept active continuously. Persons who go without sleep for more than three days have great (63)_____ thinking, seeing, and hearing clearly. They have periods of hallucinations, (64)……. which they see things that do not really exist. They also confuse daydreams with real life and (65) …….track of their thoughts in the middle of a sentence. III. Read the passage and choose the correct answer. Toefl page 272 (Q 1-12-Key 558) The technology of the North American Colonies did not differ strikingly from that of Europe, but in one respect, the colonists enjoyed a great advantage. Especially by comparison with Britain, Americans had a wonderfully plentiful supply of wood. The first colonists did not, as many people imagine, find an entire continent covered by a climax forest. Even along the Atlantic seaboard, the forest was broken at many points. Nevertheless, all sorts of tine trees abounded, and through the early colonial period, those who pushed westward encountered new forests. By the end of the Colonial era, the price of wood had risen slightly in eastern cities, but wood was still extremely abundant. The availability of wood brought advantages that have seldom been appreciated. Wood was a foundation of the economy. Houses and all manner of buildings were made of wood to a degree unknown in Britain. Secondly, wood was used as a fuel for heating and cooking. Thirdly, it was used as the source of important industrial compounds, such as potash, an industrial alkali; charcoal, a component of gunpowder; and tannic acid, used for tanning leather. The supply of wood conferred advantages, but had some negative aspects as well. Iron at that time was produced by heating iron ore with charcoal. Because Britain was so stripped of trees, she was unable to exploit her rich iron mines. But the American Colonies had both iron ore and wood; iron production was encouraged and became successful. However, when Britain developed coke smelting, the Colonies did not follow suit because they had plenty of wood and besides, charcoal iron was stronger than coke iron. Coke smelting led to technological innovations and was linked to the emergence of the Industrial Revolution. In the early nineteenth century, the former Colonies lagged behind Britain in industrial development because their supply of wood led them cling to charcoal iron. 66. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. The advantages of using wood in the colonies. B. The effects of an abundance of wood on the colonies. C. The roots of the Industrial Revolution. D. The difference between charcoal iron and coke iron. 67. The word is closest in meaning to ___. A. realistically B. dramatically C. completely D. immediately 68. Which of the following is a common assumption about the forests of North America during the Colonial period? A. They contained only a few types of trees. B. They existed only along the Atlantic seaboard. C. They had little or no economic value. D. They covered the entire continent. 69. The word abounded is closest in meaning to ____. A. were present in large numbers B. were restricted to certain areas C. were cut down D. were cultivated 70. According to the passage, by the end of the Colonial period, the price of wood in eastern cities A. rose quickly because wood was becoming so scarce B. was much higher than it was in Britain C. was slightly higher than in previous years D. decreased rapidly because of lower demand for wood 71. Why does the author mention gunpowder in line 13? A. To illustrate the negative aspects of some industrial processes. B. To give an example of a product made with wood compounds. C. To remind readers that the Colonial era ended in warfare. D. To suggest that wood was not the only important product of the Colonies. 72. The word "conferred" is closest in meaning to ____. A. consulted B. gathered C. provided D. restricted 73. The phrase "follow suit" means ____. A. do the same thing B. make an attempt C. have the opportunity D. take a risk 74. According to the passage, why was the use of coke smelting advantageous? A. It led to advances in technology. B. It was less expensive than wood smelting. C. It produced a stronger type of iron than wood smelting. D. It stimulated the demand for wood. 75. The phrase "cling to" is closest in meaning to A. try to develop b. avoid c. continue to use D. reconsider E. WRITING I. Choose the sentence A, B, C and D which is closest in meaning to the one in italic Olympic 215 76. I can't help feeling worried about Tom. A. I find it impossible not to worry about Tom. B. I can do nothing to help Tom. C. I can glad to have someone like Tom to worry about. D. I don't worry about Tom. 77. She told us to help ourselves to the apples in the basket. A. She offered us some apples in return for our help B. She wanted our help to pick the apples and put them in a basket. C. She let us have as many apples as we wanted. D. She wanted us to do all the work ourselves. 78. May I suggest Monday for our trip to Bristol? A. I think we must go to Bristol on Monday. B. I think we would be allowed to go to Bristol on Monday. C. I think Monday is the only day we can manage for the trip. D. I think Monday would be a good day for us to go to Bristol. 79. She usually spends one hour driving to work everyday. A. It usually takes her one hour to drive to work every day. B. She usually works one hour every day. C. She does not usually drive to work. D. It usually takes her one hour to work on her every day. 80. They would never have accepted his money if they had known his plans. A. They knew what he wanted to do, so they refused his money. B. They agreed with his wishes because they were glad to have his money. C. They didn't know his plans and never took money from him. D. They took the money he offered them without realizing his purposes. II. Finish each of the following sentence in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. LV page 135 81. Thanks to his aunt's legacy of$10,000 he was able to buy the house he wanted. Had his ………………... 82. I didn't realize he was your brother until I saw the photograph. It was only ……….. 83. The President is the statesman I admire most of all. There is . 84. Don't you wish you could get out more in the evening? Don't you get fed ……..? 85. It's nobody's fault that the meeting was cancelled. Nobody : . 86. He’ll settle down. Then his improvement will improve. Once …………….he settles/ has settled 87. She never seems to succeed, even though she works hard. However . 88. It was more of an argument than a discussion It was not so . 89. I write to him almost every day. Hardly . 10. Mary told the police about the burglary. Mary reported . III. Essay LD page 193-Test 25 accurately approaching departing despite far fortunately guide instead of likely long-range owinf; to possible protect search vessels Radar is an electronic device that can 'see' great distances (1) _ fog, rain, snow, and darkness. It can find and (2) locate missiles, aircraft, ships, cities, rainstorms, and mountains. Radar uses radio waves (3) light waves, which the human eye uses in seeing. This makes it (4) for radar to locate many kinds of objects at (5) greater distances than the eye can see. Radar became an important military device during World War II. Today, networks of radar lookout stations guard the United States and Canada 24 hours a day against (6) missiles and airplanes. Patrol planes and ships (7)_____ the oceans with radar for hostile ships and aircraft. Airports use radar to (8) planes safely to earth in fog or storms. Ships use it to steer clear of other (9)_____ or icebergs. Radar helps weathermen warn of (lO) hurricanes and tornadoes. Exercise 29 Everyone was shocked. It was a murder. (SENSE) He felt very when he failed the exam again. (COURAGE) That diamond is a antique. (PRICE) It gives me great to welcome our speaker. (PLEASANT) He used all his to force the door open. (STRONG) He was too to tell his teacher about the stupid mistake. (SHAME) The police are interested in the sudden of the valuable painting. (APPEAR) I believe you because I know you are . (TRUE) I feel so that I'm going to bed. (SLEEP) 10. The cost of must be paid by the buyer. (CARRY) Exercise 30 I was late because 1 how much time I needed. (ESTlMA TE) He wrote the book alone, so he doesn't have a . (AUTHOR) They're an incredibly family. You should see how much food they throw away. (WASTE) You shouldn't leave things on car seats in full view of people walking past. (VALUE) I've never had the same opinions as my fathcr. In fact when I was younger we were always having . (AGREE) Most people who work feel that they are .(PA I. Essay : Neighbors are the people who live near us. In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor? Use specific details and examples in your answer. There are several qualities that a good neighbor has. If you have a good neighbor, you are a lucky person. You have someone who is respectful of your property, who is helpful with the little day-to-day problems that arise, and who is supportive in times of crisis. A good neighbor respects your property. This means she asks for your permission before doing something that may affect you. She does not plant a huge tree between your houses without asking you how you feel about it. If she wants to put up a fence, she tells you about her plans first. A good neighbor is willing to lend a hand when you need a little help. He lends you some milk if you run out, or gives you a ride if your car breaks down. He lets your children stay at his house if you get stuck working overtime. You do the same for him. Both of you help make each other's lives easier. When you go through a crisis, like a death in the family, a good neighbor volunteers to help in any way she can. She might do something small, like prepare a few meals for you. Or, she might do something big, like help you get through the sadness of a funeral. A neighbor can be as close as a good friend, or more like a distant acquaintance. Either way, a good neighbor is someone who respects you and supports you as he can. We should all be lucky enough to have good neighbors. II. Interpreting the table about the number of total fires and acres burned in the USA ( 1980-2000) The table summarizes the number of total fires and acres burned in the USA between 1980 and 2000. There were fewer fires in 1990 than in 1980, but more acres of forest were destroyed. The number of fires was almost the same in both years 1990 and 2000; however, there was a big difference of nearly 3 million acres burned - about 8.4 million in 2000 and nearly 5.5 million in 1990. (Conclusion: Optional) III. Essay: Some possible solutions to environmental damage” The essay must have three parts Introduction: must have a topic sentence (2,5) Body: should have the following ideas -Keep rare animals in their natural habitat. - Control the burning of forests. - Control the cutting down of trees. - Not use disposable products. - Use environment - friendly products. - Not build campfires in national parks. - Pass laws restricting environmental damage. - Treat sewage before discharging into the sea. - Pay heavy fine for people who break the law. - Use anti - pollution devices. - Change people's awareness. 3. Conclusion: should express personal opinion of the author. Extra practice: Deforestation in Southeast Asia between 1990-2005 (Forest Cover in million hectares) Country Total Forest Cover (1990) Total Forest Cover (2005) Forest Loss (1990-2005) Cambodia 12.9 10.4 2.5 (19.3%) Indonesia 116.5 88.5 28 (24%) Laos 17.3 16.1 1.2 (6,7%) The table shows the deforestation situation in Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Indonesia, and Laos) between 1990 and 2005. In general, Laos had larger forest cover than Cambodia, and Indonesia had the largest of the three, countries. In 1990, there was a difference of nearly 102 million hectares of forest cover between Cambodia and Indonesia - 12.9 million in Cambodia and 116.5 million in Indonesia. Meanwhile, the difference was about 99 million hectares between Laos and Indonesia. Within 15 years (from 1990 to 2005), the overall figures showed that Indonesia had the highest percentage of total change or forest loss while Laos had the lowest - 24% in Indonesia and only 6.7% in Laos. The date may help the governments of the three countries make suitable plans in order to save their forests. Top of Form

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